Today in labor history, July 23, 1892: Anarchist Alexander Berkman, armed with a gun and a sharpened steel file, attempts to kill steel magnate Henry Clay Frick to avenge the Homestead massacre days earlier in which nine workers were killed. He shot Frick three times before he was subdued and beaten unconscious. Berkman was convicted of attempted murder and sentenced to 22 years in prison, of which he served 14 years.
Today in labor history, July 6, 1892: Locked out by management determined to break their union, workers stationed along the Monongahela River spot barges in the middle of the night carrying hundreds of Pinkerton detectives armed with Winchester rifles heading to the Carnegie steel plant in Homestead, Pennsylvania. Thousands of workers quickly assembled to meet the barges and battled the strikebreakers throughout the day before the Pinkertons surrendered and were evacuated by train.